The format of the conference was also unusual - local from the point of view of the participants (representatives of resource and heat supply, network organizations of the Perm Territory, municipalities were present) and a very representative conference in terms of the composition of speakers, the conference was aimed at comparing the vision of decision makers in the industry with those who conduct practical local activities. The format of the discussion and the chamber nature made it possible to speak openly about existing problems and tasks, and the subsequent distribution of the video recording and the results of the event with the help of industry publications (information partners) will expand the audience of the conference and involve a wide range of specialists in the discussion of the stated issues.
The two-day program included both a discussion of general issues of the development of the heat supply industry, and acquaintance with the experience of Lysva-teploenergo, as a heat generating enterprise, in implementing the measures of the investment program for the modernization of CHP equipment.
The plenary session was attended by federal experts via video link, who from various angles shed light on the specifics of the current situation in heat supply and spoke about the state policy in this direction. The discussion was moderated by Dmitry Khomchenko, an industry expert (including in heat supply issues), one of the developers of Federal Law No. 190-FZ, and Maria Stepanova, director of the EnergiaVita expert bureau. Almost all speakers emphasized the great efficiency of combined generation, while recognizing that, for various reasons, its practical application is not always given priority.
Ekaterina Kvasha, Vice President of the Center for Strategic Research Foundation, Head of the Energy Efficiency Center, spoke about the linkage of the state energy efficiency policy (and the corresponding state program being developed) with BAT, a strategy for socio-economic development with low greenhouse gas emissions and emphasized that improving energy efficiency is an essential condition for achieving Russia's climate goals.
Irina Bulgakova, Head of the Commission for Housing and Public Utilities of the Public Council of the Ministry of Construction of Russia, Executive Director of the Association of Housing and Utilities Enterprises "United Housing and Communal Council" focused on the possibilities of ensuring the priority of cogeneration in cities. Despite the fact that, in general, at the level of a city or region, it is more profitable to load CHP plants to the maximum, the regulatory model is set up in such a way that CHP plants of large capacity are uncompetitive in the market. Irina Alexandrovna noted that specific measures are needed at the federal level to move from declarations on the priority of combined generation to the practical implementation of this principle.
Olesya Leshchenko, Director of the Housing and Public Utilities Department of the Ministry of Construction of Russia, spoke about the current and planned measures in the housing and communal services sector, both in tariff setting and in state support for investments. It is necessary to balance the social and economic components in tariff setting, the expert stressed.
President of NP "Russian Heat Supply" Viktor Semyonov mentioned the contradictions in the regulation of electricity and heat and spoke about the development of an index of the state of heat supply systems together with the Ministry of Construction of Russia, which will help to adequately assess the state of facilities and make informed decisions in the future.
Sergey Sivaev, professor at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, member of the Supervisory Board of the Fund for Assistance to Housing and Public Utilities Reform, urged to understand in each case what causes the refusal of cogeneration sources, because cogeneration has technological advantages over boiler production.
Evgeniy Gasho, expert of NP Rosteplo, head of the laboratory of energy saving and energy efficiency, professor at NRU MPEI, noted the importance of circuit solutions and the use of a set of methods and measures to ensure coherence in the chain of production, transmission and consumption of thermal energy.
As Dmitry Khomchenko noted, the specifics of the industry is such that during regulation today the impact of tariff decisions on the future of the subject of regulation is not assessed, it is carried out at the current moment.
At the end of the first expert track, Deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Commission on Regulations and Ensuring the Activities of the State Duma of the Russian Federation Andrey Kuznetsov noted that legislators monitor the situation in socially significant sectors and understand both the specifics and typical problems in the heat supply of cities, including small ones. The deputies are ready to interact more closely with the involved participants in the process on the ground to develop balanced solutions. The next day, deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Perm Territory, member of the Infrastructure Committee, Veronika Kulikova, who took part in the round table at the conference, confirmed the interest of regional deputies in cooperation to address pressing issues of infrastructure modernization, in particular, heat supply.
Regional experience shared by the head of the department for the formation of the investment potential of the SAU of the Republic of Sakh